What is Multiple Sclerosis?
MS is classified as an “immune-mediated” disorder. What that means is the system that is meant to keep our body healthy is mistakenly attacking parts of the body necessary for everyday function. Nerve cell coverings sustain damage which in turn inhibits full function of the brain and spinal cord.
What causes MS?
The exact cause of MS is still unknown. Nerve damage is caused by inflammation, but the cause of the inflammation is largely unknown. Scientists cite four factors as key contributors to the progression of the disease.
- Immunologic- The condition by definition is an immune system malfunction. Myelin (the fatty substance that is the coating and protection of nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord) is attacked directly as a result of the condition. It is still unknown which immune cells are to blame for the attack
- Genetics- Heredity is a factor in the risk of MS and if a close relative has the condition thae chance is higher of the development of MS grows.
- Environmental- Scientists have seen a pattern of increased cases of MS in regions farther away from the equator. That means to say vitamin D could be a factor in the development of MS. Vitamin D strengthens the immune system and people who live nearer the equator are subject to higher volumes of sunlight and vitamin D.
- Infections- There exists the possibility viruses and bacteria may be to blame for MS. These elements have shown to bring about inflammation and degeneration of myelin. Currently, measles, herpes (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr (EBV) viruses are being reviewed for possible involvement in MS.
What can trigger MS symptoms?
Certain triggers should be avoided by those with MS that include:
- Mixing incompatible prescription medication
- Lack of Sleep
Treatment for MS
As of today, there is no cure for MS. There do exist treatment for managing symptoms. The most common is corticosteroids. This refers to a class of steroid hormones. In patients that do not see relief from the steroids, plasma exchange may be a viable option. This treatment refers to taking a portion of the blood (plasma) and separating it from blood cells. It is then mixed with a protein solution called albumin and returned to the body.
If your loved one has MS, certain everyday tasks we think nothing of can become increasingly difficult and potentially dangerous. Mobility issues that may arise from the progression of the disease can make anything into a fall risk. At A-1 Home Care, we understand Multiple Sclerosis and can assist with anything from showering and toileting to help with exercise and meal preparation. Our caregivers are available for 24Hour Live-In or Hourly basis. We know that MS symptoms vary person to person and will work with you to prepare a custom tailored care plan to ensure the needs of your loved one are met. We are available 7 days a week, 24 hours a day at (626) 287-0269 and (562) 929-8400. We are proud to deliver top shelf home care services to Sierra Madre, Pasadena, Glendale and surrounding communities. A-1 Home Care is the home care provider of choice for all of Los Angeles and Orange County.